The Tulip is a perennial, bulbous plant with showy flowers and is part of the genus ‘Tulipa’ that flowers in the spring. Tulips comprise of 109 species and belong to the family Liliaceae. The genus's native range extends originally as a wild flower from as far west as Southern Europe, North Africa, Anatolia, and Iran to the Northwest of China.
Indigenous to Asia, the garden Tulip was first cultivated by the Turks as early as 1000 AD. In Persia and Turkey, it played a significant role in the art and culture of the time. Most likely commenting on the Turkish tradition of wearing Tulips in one's turban, Europeans mistakenly gave Tulips their name, which comes from the Persian word ‘Tulipan’ that means turban. From “Tulipan” came the French word “Tulipe” and the English word “Tulip.”
The flower was introduced in Western Europe and the Netherlands in the 17th century by a famous biologist from Vienna.
It gained popularity in Holland, where commercially grown Tulips became a large Dutch industry and is still considered a major export product of the area.
Tulips are spring-blooming perennials that grow from bulbs. Most Tulips are raised from the shoots of a parent plant, not from seed. A shoot will begin producing flowers of its own in about three years. A Tulip has a sturdy green stalk with broad leaves and produces a single bud that blooms into a flower shaped like a cup or inverted bell.
The showy Tulip flower has three petals and three sepals, which are often termed tepals because they are nearly identical. These six tepals are often marked near the bases with darker colorings. Tulip flowers come in a wide variety of colors, except pure blue.
Each stigma of the flower has three distinct lobes, and the ovaries are superior, with three chambers. The Tulip's fruit is a capsule with a leathery covering and an ellipsoid to subglobose shape. Each capsule contains numerous flat, disc-shaped seeds in two rows per chamber. These light to dark brown seeds have very thin seed coats and endosperm that does not normally fill the entire seed.
Most Tulips produce only one flower per stem, but a few species bear multiple flowers on their scapes. Tulip stems have few leaves, with larger species tending to have multiple leaves.
Depending on the species, Tulip plants can grow as short as 4 inches (10 cm) or as high as 28 inches (71 cm).
The taller varieties of Tulips make lovely garden and mound centerpieces when planted in bunches, while shorter varieties are ideal for colorful borders around later-blooming plants.
The blossoms are deeply colored and range from vibrant yellows and reds to pink, dark purple, white, and hybrid colors. Some of the more popular varieties include the colorfully named Rising Sun, White Hawk, Couleur de Cardinal, Pride of Haarlem, and Prince of Austria, Darwin Tulip, the parrot Tulip and the Duc van Tol.
Initially Tulips were too expensive for others than the very rich to cultivate. And, among the wealthy they soon became a “status symbol.” In the 1630′s, a rage of Tulip speculation, called Tulipomania, gripped much of Holland, and farmers rich and poor began speculating in the Tulip trade like currency. A bed of Tulips could buy a small house. Some highly prized Tulips were even more valuable and a single bulb could be traded for a large house and all of the land, furniture and other accessories.
Tulipmania ruled in the Netherlands from 1636- 37. It was a period in the Dutch Golden Age during which contract prices for bulbs of the recently introduced Tulip reached extraordinarily high levels and then suddenly collapsed.
It is generally considered the first recorded speculative bubble.The term "Tulip mania" is now often used metaphorically to refer to any large economic bubble (when asset prices deviate from intrinsic values).
|Tulip flower Colour||Significance|
|Red Tulips||Most strongly associated with true love|
|Purple Tulips||It denotes royalty.|
|Yellow Tulips||Once represented hopeless love. Now are a common expression for cheerful thoughts and sunshine.|
|Orange Tulips||It represents energy, enthusiasm, desire, and passion.|
|Pink Tulips||It stands for affection and caring.|
|Whit Tulips||It is used to claim worthiness or to send a message of forgiveness.|
|Variegated Tulips||Once among the most popular varieties due to their striking color patterns, they represent beautiful eyes.|
The Tulip is one of the world's most easily recognized and loved flowers.
Wildly popular throughout its history, Tulips are a comfortable flower choice and one that expresses perfect love.
The meanings of Tulips coupled with the immediately identifiable shape of their colorful blooms make them a comfortable flower choice. With all of the sentiments and meanings of Tulips, their popularity continues to grow. The wide range of colors and varieties available allows them to be used for many occasions.
They are not too elegant, too romantic, too big, too small, or too bright; the Tulip flower is always just right. The meanings of Tulips express genuine coziness and comfort in all of the right ways.
Like many flowers, different colors of Tulips also often carry their own significance. Here are the popular Tulip flowers with what their respective colours symbolize:
In addition to being a favorite for cut flower arrangements, Tulips can also be given as a potted plant. As one of the world's most beloved flowers, a gift of Tulip flowers is a sure delight, enchanting in its beauty and simplicity.